⒈ Gang Problem In Big Cities
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Chicago's gang war: a crisis like no other - 60 Minutes Australia
Subscriber Account active since. First of all, the state faces a growing gang problem. Gangs are no longer a problem associated with big cities alone. Since the s , their prevalence has been growing in smaller cities and suburban areas. FBI data shows that since , gang membership increased most significantly in the Northeast and Southeast regions of the country. Bridgeport is especially dangerous. The state's most populous city had 15 murders per , people in after a rash of gun violence. Residents interviewed by the Connecticut Post admitted that "something has to be done" about gangs in the city. At least 15 sets of gangs operate in Bridgeport, according to the newspaper.
While gangs in Bridgeport are primarily neighborhood-based and focus more on robberies than drugs, gangs in Hartford are more into drug trafficking. An internal police memo from discussed the "gang infestation" that has been plaguing Hartford, noting that "recruitment is at an all-time high. New Haven also has a known gang problem. City authorities have been meeting with gang members in an attempt to persuade them to stop the violence, the Associated Press reported last month. It's not clear why gangs thrive in Connecticut, but research has shown crime is more prevalent in areas with high income gaps. And Connecticut has the starkest contrast between the rich and the poor, according to Census data analyzed by Bloomberg. All three Connecticut cities that made the most dangerous list are now adopting a program that has proven successful to reduce gang violence in cities such as Chicago and Cincinnati.
So they look to these older gang members as father figures. And they're ripe for recruitment. For his part, Newburgh Mayor Torrance Harvey says gangs are a byproduct of "the ills and chills" of society, referring to the interplay of social and economic factors that divert youth from the schools to the streets. Mount Vernon's Nazarene Duncan, an anti-violence advocate, believes that a lack of adequate programming for young residents has contributed to the allure of the streets for some in her community.
As diverse as the causes of gang affiliation are the manifestations of gang life. The fluid quality of many groups in the region is apparent to those who study gangs, frustrating attempts to quash their activity. In Yonkers, for example, Police Commissioner John Mueller said that while around residents may self-describe as gang members, the department has identified another with some nexus to group violence. The intangibles of gang activity also hamper efforts to monitor their behavior. Across jurisdictions, the definition of "gang" can vary. The state Division of Criminal Justice Services, which compiles information about the prevalence of crime, does not receive gang-related statistics from individual police agencies.
Officials won't always use the term "gang" to describe young people implicated in criminal activity. The terms "crews" and "groups" are all used to characterize this behavior. While the typical portrayal of gangs in the media is one of narco-traffickers enmeshed in territorial disputes, the reality on the ground with local groups is much more complicated.
Kennedy described gangs on the street level as small and disorganized, without formal hierarchies. Often, he says, disputes center less around money and power than personal grievances. The involvement of the criminal justice system, while often welcomed by locals, can have a paradoxical effect. Targeting gang leaders often lands them in prison, where they may organize further or begin to affiliate with a national group. It is difficult to survey the gang problem in New York without taking stock of the gun problem, where illegally trafficked firearms snake their way up the I corridor from states like Georgia and Virginia to the Northeast. This so-called Iron Pipeline is responsible for a significant portion of guns recovered in New York.
This is slightly less than the statewide average. Among guns that were likely trafficked into the Hudson Valley, a substantial number come from Iron Pipeline states, which typically have weaker gun laws than Northeast states. Another concern for law enforcement officials is the creeping prevalence of ghost guns, self-assembled firearms that can be 3D printed or machined into completed weapons from kits bought online. Because they are assembled outside of the regulatory structure for industry-made firearms, they typically evade most of the oversight and controls that commercial manufacturers must heed. One strategy, gun buybacks , have been emphasized by policymakers including the attorney general's office as a way to reduce the volume of guns circulating in the streets.
However, their efficacy has been called into question. A working paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research this year notes that gun buyback programs "have done little to reduce gun crime or firearm-related violence. According to the paper, buybacks are generally ineffective at reducing the number of privately-owned guns by a meaningful amount. In the face of these challenges, former Gov. Andrew Cuomo declared a statewide disaster emergency because of the prevalence of gun violence , allowing the state to surge resources into violence-wracked communities. But until the wheels of bureaucracy churn more quickly, local residents will continue to face a grim inevitability: gang attacks, gun violence and collateral damage. Just two weeks ago, Yonkers police said that an assailant shot at a group of people, injuring at least two, before fleeing the scene.
Asher Stockler is a reporter for The Journal News. You can find him on Twitter at quasiasher or send him an email at astockler lohud. Reach him securely: asher. Facebook Twitter Email. Email Email this story. Share Share this story. Quote icon. Gangs and gun violence, a decades-long plague in Hudson Valley cities. Fear and pain reign. How to keep kids out of gangs.
Gangs Next Door: Hudson Valley neighborhoods grapple with decades of gang violence. Click to Play. Gun violence crisis is a major challenge.While one dangerous person is something to fear, a group of Gang Problem In Big Cities is even scarier, with Summer By David Updike Analysis posing Swot Analysis Of Jaytees threat to anyone who might Gang Problem In Big Cities their path or Gang Problem In Big Cities them. By David Roza Sep 28, News. Scott Decker, a gangs researcher and foundation professor emeritus at Arizona State University, Gang Problem In Big Cities that gangs are "much more likely to Gang Problem In Big Cities a start in socially disadvantaged neighborhoods than middle-class urban, suburban and exurban neighborhoods. Since the mids, the Chicago Police Gang Problem In Big Cities has attributed a steadily decreasing share of shootings to gangs, Gang Problem In Big Cities Trace found.